HTML is the short form of Hypertext markup language. It is a standard markup language that is used to make web document. HTML language has been created with some markup tag. (The code used in the HTML is called tag).
The main structure of web page is made by HTML. There are some tags in HTML that makes the web page more beautiful and attractive. Besides Hypertext link or Hyper link can be made with anchor tag of HTML with those help one can be gone from one document to others document or can be the part of that document. You notice the html code here:
<p>This is a paragraph.</p>
The whole part of this code is called HTML element where green color part is called HTML tag and red color part is called content. Any HTML tag starts with less than (<) symbol and ends with greater than (>) symbol. The tag is covered with angle bracket keeping the name of tag in the middle. Such as. HTML tags most commonly come in pairs like <h1> and </h1>. Although some tags represent empty elements and they are unpaired. For example <img/>, <input/> ete. The first tag in a pair is called start tag/opening tag and the second tag is the end tag/closing tag.
Purpose of HTML:
The main purpose of HTML is to give the content meaning and structure. How will show the content which means the presentation of content is not the considerable subject. In time of mark up your work will to give such HTML element that will give yours content most meaningful description. It is called semantic markup. For a example the first title of a web page should be markup by H1 tag because it is the most important heading of that page. You should not be worried about how will show the web page in browsers because you can change the face or scenery of the page easily with the help of CSS.
Besides here important subject is to select such element or setup that will make your content most meaningful. Make up gives meaning to content side by side it gives structure to document. Structure is the main base of document upon which we can give different orders of presentation by style sheet.
Web Browsers rule for HTML:
The purpose of a web browser such as Chrome, IE, Firefox, Safari, etc is to read HTML documents and display them. The browser does not display the HTML tags but uses them to determine how to display the document. HTML Page Structure A visualization of an HTML page structure is given below.
HTML Page Structure:
The <! DOCTYPE html> declaration defines the browser that this document is written in HTML5.
The <html> element represents the root element of an HTML document.
The <head> element contains meta data about the document.
The <title> element defines a title for the document.
The <body> element always contains the full visible content of the web page
The <h1> element is used to indicate a large heading.
The <p> element indicates a paragraph.
There are many version of html. These are HTML 1.0, HTML 2.0, HTM 3.0, HTML 4.0 and HTML 5
What is html5?
HTML5 is the update that defines to HTML from HTML4 (XHTML follows a different version numbering scheme). It uses the same basic rules as HTML4. A new version of html5 adds some new elements, attributes, and behaviors that allow more diverse and powerful Web sites and applications. New elements include section, <article>, <audio>, <aside>, <bdi>, <canvas>, <datalist>, <embed>, <figure>, <figcaption>, <mark>,<meter>, <nav>, <footer>, <header>, <keygen>, <output>, <progress>, <rp>, <rt>, <ruby>, <time>, <track>, <video> and <wbr>.
It also has new input types of forms, which include Tel, search, url, email, datetime, date, month, week, time, datetime-local, number, range, and color. These following styling elements should no longer be used and have been removed from HTML code: <acronym>, <applet>,<basefont>, <big>, <center>, <dir>, <font>, <frame>, <framset>, <noframes>, <strike> and <tt>. HTML5 also simplifies the doctype declaration too.
How long will it take to learn HTML?
It does not take much time to learn HTML. You only need the basics of HTML with a time of 1 week are better able to learn and be able to create an HTML page, but using HTML and designing good websites is a different story. Because Good website design is half skill and half talent, so you cannot create a good quality web site to learn just HTML code. HTML codes for web pages in compliance with the rules to be applied in the right way. Moreover, you have to learn CSS to more attractive your web page.